Posted by: novembri yusuf | November 5, 2007




At any point in the course of welding, i.e. tacking, root pass, filler pass or capping pass, but particularly for the root and cap, a detailed inspection may be required. British Standard 5289: 1976 gives guidance on tools and responsibilities together with sketches of typical defects.
The inspector at this point must –
a) observe, identify and perhaps record (measure) the features of the weld.
b) decide whether the weld is acceptable in terms of the particular levels that are permitted; defect levels may be ‘in-house’ or national codes of practice.
When the defect size is in excess of the permitted level then either a concession must be applied for (from a competent person), or the weld rejected.

Before Assembly:
Check * All applicable documents.
* Quality plan is authorised and endorsed with signature, date and company stamp.
* Application standard is up to date with the latest edition, revision or amendment.
* The drawings are clear, the issue number is marked and the latest revision is used.
* Welding procedure sheets (specifications) are available, have been approved and are
employed in production.
* Welder qualifications with identification and range of approval are verified and that only approved welders as required are employed in production.
* Calibration certificates, material certificates (mill sheets) and consumer certificates are available and valid.
* Parent material identification is verified against documentation and markings.
* Material composition, type and condition.
* Correct methods are applied for cutting and machining.
* Identification of welding consumables such as electrodes, filler wire, fluxes, shielding and backing gases and any special requirements (e.g. drying) are met.
* Plant and equipment are in a safe condition and adequate for the job.
* Safety permits e.g. hot work permit, gas free permit, enclosed space certificate are
available and valid.

After Assembly
Check * Dimensions, tolerances, preparation, fit-up and alignment are in accordance with the
Approved drawings and standards.
* Tack welds, bridging pieces, clamping and type of backing – if any used are correct.
* Cleanliness of work area is maintained.
* Preheat in accordance with procedure.

NOTE Good inspection prior to welding can eliminate conditions that lead to the formation of defects.


Check * The welding process must be monitored.
* Preheat and interpass temperatures must be monitored.
* Interpass cleaning – chipping, grinding, gouging, must be monitored.
* Root and subsequent run sequence.
* Essential variables such as current, voltage, travel speed to be monitored.
* Filler metals, fluxes and shielding gases are correct.
* Welding is in compliance with weld procedure sheet and application standard.


Check * Visual inspection to be carried out to ascertain acceptability of appearance of welds.
* Dimensional accuracy to be ascertained.
* Conformity with drawings and standards requirements.
* Post weld heat treatment, if any, monitored and recorded.
* NDT carried out and reports assessed.
* Assess defects as to either repairing, or application for concession.
* Carry out any necessary repairs.
* Control of distortion


* Repair procedure and welding code should be authorised.
* Defect area should be marked positively and clearly.
* Check when partially removed and fully removed (visual and NDT).
* Re-welding should be monitored.
* Re-inspect completed repair.

Collate all documents and reports. Pass the document package on to a higher authority for final inspection, approval and storage.


  1. With pleasure I am saying your information is very good and it can really make good help to inspectors.
    If you can add pictures or videos it will be guite a help.

  2. I want to take opportunity to thank to each of you who orqanize this site and who placed this article.I kindly want to ask you to place some intreresting picture and videos as much as you can
    Thanks before hand

  3. hello..please email me about the course of welding inspector ( cswip 3.1)

    • Zulfan
      Cold Cracking
      1. Penyebab

      Disebabkan oleh Low ductility of weld, residual stress and diffusible of hydrogen in the weld. Cold cracking biasanya terjadi dibawah temperature 200°C setelah solidification selesai ( jam atau hari), sehingga ini lebih dikenal dengan nama “ Delayed Cracking “.

      Weld ductility berkurang apabila matrial memiliki kadar carbon yang cukup tinggi.
      Residual stress didalam weldingan bisa lebih besar dari yang diharapkan apabila ada : incomplete fussion, incomplete penetration, overlap, undercut, slag inclusion, porosity
      Difussion Hydrogen dalam weld metal berasal dari : Kawat las, moisture, cleanliness, atmosphere, etc.
      Preventive action menghindari terjadinya cold crack : refer kepada penyebabnya cold crack itu sendiri. Spt :
      – Lakukan preheat dengn benar
      – Hindari terjadinya defect welding yang dapat meningkatkan stress consentrasi
      – Gunakan low hydrogen weld metal.
      – GUnakan matrrial dengan CE yang tidak terlalu tinggi.
      Hai Harold …
      Training CSWIP 3.1 you can search in google which provided by TWI Malaysia Kualalumpur.
      Pak Heri Kasendo
      Agar pipanya nggak melengkung dengan 23 branch bisa diusahakan dengan memperkuat Jig distortion preventer. Pipanya dibuatkan pegangan sepanjang bodynya…dengan tidak mengganggu access welding.

      Pak Supriyanto
      Kurva DAC dibuat dengan bantuan block calibration dan dikuri setiap lubang defect yang ada di block tersebut terhadap kedalaman dari surface.
      WI Jobless
      Saya ikut prihatin dengan kondisi WI saat ini. Masukan anda supaya berguna bagi yang lain. Jadi WI yang sukses tidak semudah membalik telapak tangan semuanya ada process. Gunakan analisa SWOT (strength, Weakness, opportunity, threat ) untukkemajuan karir anda.

  4. this web give the mor useful to me to give details of welding inspector thanks to this

  5. I want to take opportunity to thank to each of you who organize this site and who placed this article.I kindly want to ask you to place some interesting picture and videos. Thank u very much

  6. I am really very happy to seen those messages. So, i would like to say thanks to this organization. My Name is kumar mobi no -+91-9809739012

    • Hi Kumar ..

      Hope you got good information in this website …


  7. I need wps

  8. hi,
    your info are evry helpful for all welding inspectors.

  9. Thanks for all detail information.

  10. bgaimana cara menentukan jenis pengelasan?apakah ada nomor atau kode tertentu dlm standar yg menjelaskan hal itu?

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